Join Our Mailing List

2022 BJS Report Contacts Between Police And The Public

Contacts Between Police and the Public, 2020

NCJ Number 304527Author(s) Susannah N. Tapp, PhD, and Elizabeth J. Davis, BJS StatisticiansDate Published November 2022Publication Series Contacts between Police and the Public


This report is part of a series that began in 1996 and examines the nature and frequency of contact with police as reported by U.S. residents, including demographic characteristics, types of contact, and perceptions of police misconduct, threats of force, or use of nonfatal force. Contact with police includes instances where U.S. residents contacted police, where police approached or stopped residents (police-initiated contacts), and where a traffic accident was involved. The report presents findings on the types of contacts U.S. residents had with police and the demographic characteristics of those who had contact. It also provides data on U.S. resident-reported use of force during the contact and on enforcement actions.


  • About 21% (53.8 million) of U.S. residents age 16 or older had contact with police in 2020.
  • A smaller share of persons had contact with police in 2020 (21%) than in 2018 (24%).

Full Document